Acknowledging Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, a powerful research tool unavailable to Saxo Grammaticus.

In 1187 and the following decades and centuries this term, UKRAINE, was applied to Fortified Borderlands of different principalities of Hraes’ without a specific geographic fixation: Halych-Volhynia, Pskov, Ryazan etc.  Perhaps it is a Slavic form of Gardar, meaning the Land of Forts?  As Gardar fell out of use, Ukraine fell in?  As Varangians fell out of use, Ukrainians fell in?

This duplication of the names use is pointed out by Linguist Hryhoriy Pivtorak (2001), who argues that there is a difference between the two terms oukraina україна “territory” and окраїна okraina “borderland”. Both are derived from krai “division, border, land parcel, territory” but with a difference in preposition, ou (у) meaning “in” vs. o (о) meaning “about, around”; *ukrai and *ukraina would then mean “a separated land parcel, a separate part of a tribe’s territory”.  Here we use Ukraine (Fortified Borderlands) as an evolution of Gardar (Land of Forts) and its duplicate form of Ukrainian as an evolution of Varangian.

The name Ukraine (Ukrainian): Україна, romanized: Ukraina [ʊkrɐˈjinɐ], Вкраїна Vkraina [u̯krɐˈjinɐ]) was first used in reference to a part of the territory of Kyivan Rus’ in the 12th century.  The name has been used in a variety of ways since the 12th century, referring to numerous lands on the border between Poland and Kievan Hraes’ (Rus’) or its successor states.  The use of “the Ukraine” is officially deprecated by the Ukrainian government and many English language media publications.

Ukraine is the official full name of the country, as stated in its declaration of independence and its constitution; there is no official alternative long name.

During the Moskovite Revolution in 1917–1921, there was the short-lived Ukrainian People’s Republic and Ukrainian State, recognized in early 1918 as consisting of nine governorates of the former Russian Empire (without Taurida’s Crimean peninsula), plus Chelm and the southern part of Grodno Governorate.  Moskovite Russia attacked Nestor Makno’s Ukrainian Republic and drove out all but Bolshevik Fanatical Communists and began a repressive regime against Ukraine, culminating in ‘The Great Hunger’ of 1932 in which the Communists under Josef Stalin starved six million Ukrainian men, women and children to death while selling their fields of gold, their wheat, to the western world to finance Moskovite Russian industrialization.  So from 1922 until 1941, Ukraine was the informal name of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic following the annexation using force by the Soviet Union.

Ukraine was next forcibly annexed by Germany as Reichskommissariat Ukraine during their 1941–1944 attack upon Russia following the collapse of a peace treaty between Josef Stalin ‘the Dumb’ and Adolf Hitler ‘the Dumber’.

After the Peace Pact of ‘the Dumb and the Dumber’ fell through and ‘Stalinist Russia’ defeated ‘Hitler’s Third Reich’, Muscovite Russia resumed its terrorist policies in Ukraine, resulting in the flight for their lives of many Ukrainian Nationals to the Country of Canada and most to the Province of Alberta, for it too had ‘fields of gold’, and most of those to its City of Edmonton, for it was central to those wheat fields.

So from 1945 until 1991, Ukraine was the informal name of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic following its recapture using force by the Soviet Union.  Following the collapse of the Stalinist Soviet Union after Josef Stalin’s death while lying on the floor of his Moskovite bedroom, choking on his own alcohol induced vomit will lying in his own effluents (vomit, shit, piss, etc.), all enforced alliances fell apart and Ukraine became its own Ukrainian People’s Republic and Ukrainian State, which now included Crimea, whose people preferred to join Ukraine rather than stay with the still Stalinist smelling Russia.  Many people thought that Stalinist Russia had changed during its lengthy tottering fall after the death of Josef, but those in the know knew that such was not the case.

In 1999, Stalin’s KGB bum boy, Vladimir Putin, originally from Tatarian Georgia, Josef’s home state, took over as President of Russia and would not go away.  In 2014 he forcibly annexed Crimea and in 2018 he used the ‘old Hitler ploy’ of protecting ten percent of Russians living in east Ukraine as an excuse to begin a covert operation against Eastern Ukraine.

On February 24th of 2022, the former KGB scum boy, ‘Bad Vlad’ Putin, began an ‘overt special operation’ against Ukraine with a surprise attack on them that rivals Pearl Harbour in infamy.  He declared war against them on television in the dead of the night as the attack progressed, ignoring all legal protocols established by the United Nations for a declaration of war, which is totally inappropriate for a country that is one of the five security council members of the UN.  One can quickly see the parallels between Josef Stalin and his bum boy ‘Bad Vlad’.  If anybody has a problem with my disparaging use of adjectives in describing Vladimir Putin please let me know and I shall temper them, but let me remind you that I have already issued a post offering to escort ‘Bad Vlad’ to The Hague for his war crimes against the people of Ukraine to date and he just keeps ratcheting up the atrocities instead.  Over 100,000 Russian soldiers have already lost their lives in less than one year thanks to the incompetence of ‘Bad Vlad’ as compared with the 50,000 US soldiers who lost their lives in ten years of fighting in Viet Nam.

Note: This website is about Vikings and Varangians and the way they lived over a thousand years ago. The content is as explicit as Vikings of that time were and scenes of violence and sexuality are depicted without reservation or apology. Reader discretion is advised.

The VARANGIANS / UKRAINIANS is my latest updated Book Series detailing the Founding of Kievan Hraes’ and its following ‘Varangian’ and ‘Ukrainian’ histories from the circa 750 AD establishment of the Varangian trade route through Slavic Scythia to the fall of Kievan Hraes’ following the total destruction of Kiev by the Mongol Hordes of Mongke Khan ‘the Motherfocker’ in 1240 AD.  (Following the Mongol custom, Möngke inherited at least one of his father’s wives, Oghul-Khoimish of the Oirat clan.  Möngke deeply loved her and gave special favor to her elder daughter, Shirin,) hence the byname ‘Motherfocker’.  There may be some confusion here, as the love did not last long (Möngke and Batu’s brother Berke therefore arranged to have Oghul accused of using Aesir black magic against Möngke.  After she was arrested and questioned by Sorghaghtani, Oghul-Khoimish was sewn up into a sack and tossed into a river and drowned, the traditional Mongol punishment for using black magic).

The vanguard army under Batu Khan’s cousin Möngke came near the city.  On November 28, 1240 AD the Mongols set up catapults near one of the three gates of old Kiev and began a bombardment that lasted several days.  On December 6, Kiev’s walls were breached, and hand-to-hand combat followed in the streets.  After the Mongols won the battle, they plundered Kiev and most of the population was massacred (of 50,000 inhabitants about 2,000 survived and were enslaved).  Almost all of the city was burned and only six out of forty major buildings remained standing.  The Great Viking Manifestation of the Middle Ages was officially at an end.  Global cooling had begun again and the Varangian Trade Route had been on the wane, weakening the financial powers of the Hraes’.  Without the immense wealth generated by the Silk Road trade, the Kievan Hraes’ Empire had fragmented, standing armies had been disbanded and the Hraes’, who in earlier times had challenged and even attacked the powerful Eastern Roman Empire, could not withstand the assault of the Mongol Golden Horde.  After their victory in Kiev, the Mongols were free to advance into Hungary and Poland.  But the Swift Danes of Kiev had one last card to play against the reviled Mongols.  Their western brothers, the Danes of Normandy had finally conquered Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade of 1204 AD and they held firm against the Golden Horde in 1242 AD under Emperor Baldwin ‘the First’ before eventually returning the city to the Romans.

Please note that in this, The VARANGIANS / UKRAINIANS Book Series, all references to Kievan territory shall be made as Kievan Hraes’, as found in the description of Ragnar Lothbrok’s famed shield, Hraes’ Ship’s Round, the original Edda reference of Hraes’, in lieu of any Rus’ reference which has also been annexed by the later arriving Rus’sians.  Likewise, references to the country of Ukraine shall be as ‘Ukraine’, and not ‘the Ukraine’, in respect of the proper name of the country, just as Canada is now called ‘Canada’ and not ‘the Canada’ as it was originally called when it was but a river.  However, The Varangians or The Ukrainians is acceptable with the definitive article or adjective THE, as it denotes a people or group, such as The Canadians or The Americans.  THE is a definite article and is used at the beginning of noun groups, a country being singular and its people being a group.


BOOK ONE:  RAGNAR’SAGA LOTHBROK or The Saga of King Ragnar ‘Lothbrok’ Sigurdson

King Ragnar ‘Lothbrok’ Sigurdson’s third wife, Princess Aslaug, was a young survivor of the Saga of the Volsungs and was a daughter of King Sigurd ‘the Dragon-Slayer’ Fafnirsbane, so this is where Ragnar’s story begins in almost all the ancient tales (except Saxo’s).  In our series, we explore this tail end of the Volsungs Saga because King Sigurd appears to be the first ‘Dragon-Slayer’ and King Ragnar ‘Lothbrok’ would seem to be the second so, it is a good opportunity to postulate the origins of Fire Breathing Dragons and how they were slain.  King Ragnar would lose his Zealand Denmark to the Anglish Danes of Jutland, who spoke Anglish, as did the majority of Vikings who attacked England, where both Anglish and Saxon languages were spoken, sometimes mistakenly called a common Anglo-Saxon language.  The Angles and Saxons of England never really did get along, as shall be demonstrated in the following books.  King Ragnar assuaged the loss of Zealand by taking York or Jorvik, the City of the Boar, in Angleland and Stavanger Fjord in Thule from which he established his Nor’Way trade route into Scythia. Ragnar died quite famously in his ‘City of the Boar’ and he placed a curse on King AElla of Northumbria and his family that was to reverberate down through the ages.

BOOK TWO:  ERIK’SAGA BRAGI or The Saga of Prince Erik ‘Bragi the Old’ Ragnarson

Book Two of the Nine Book The Varangians and Ukrainians Series places The Saga of Prince Erik ‘Bragi the Old’ Ragnarson from Book Five of The First Nine Books of the Danish History of Saxo Grammaticus (c. 1200 AD) about King Frodi ‘the Peaceful’ into its proper chronological location in history.  In 1984, when I first started work on the book, I placed Prince Erik’s birth at circa 800 CE, but it has since been revised to 810 CE to better reflect the timelines of the following books in the series.  Saxo had originally placed the saga at the time of Christ’s birth and later experts have placed the story at about 400 CE to correspond with the arrival of the Huns on the European scene but, when Attila was driven back to Asia, the Huns didn’t just disappear, they joined the Khazar Empire, just north of the Caspian Sea, and helped the Khazars control the western end of the famous Silk Road Trade Route.  Princes Erik and Roller, both sons of Ragnar ‘Lothbrok’, sail off to Zealand to avenge their father’s loss, but Erik falls in love with Princess Gunwar, the sister of the Anglish King Frodi of Jutland and, after his successful Battle Upon the Ice, wherein he destroys the House of Westmar, Erik marries Gunwar and both brothers become King Frodi’s foremost men instead, and the story moves on to the founding of Hraes’ and Gardar Ukraine.

BOOK THREE:  HELGI’SAGA ARROW ODD or The Saga of Prince Helgi ‘Arrow Odd’ Erikson

Book Three, The Saga of Prince Helgi ‘Arrow Odd’ Erikson, recreates Arrow Odd’s Saga of circa 1200 AD to illustrate how Arrow Odd was Prince Helgi (Oleg in Slavic) Erikson of Kiev, by showing that their identical deaths from the bite of a snake was more than just coincidence. The book investigates the true death of Ragnar ‘Lothbrok’ by poisoned blood-snakes in York or Jorvik, the ‘City of the Boar’, and how his curse of ‘calling his young porkers to avenge the old boar’ sets up a death spiral between swine and snake that lasts for generations.  The book then illustrates the famous Battle of the Berserks on Samso, where Helgi ‘Arrow Odd’ and Hjalmar ‘the Brave’ slay the twelve berserk grandsons of King Frodi on the Danish Island of Samso, setting up a death struggle that takes the Great Pagan Army of the Danes from Denmark to ravage Norway and then England and on to Helluland in Saint Brendan’s Newfoundland.  A surprise cycle of vengeance manifests itself in the ‘death by snakebite’ of Helgi ‘Arrow Odd’.

BOOK FOUR:  IVAR’SAGA BEINLAUSI or The Saga of Prince Ivar ‘the Boneless’ Erikson

Book Four, The Saga of Prince Ivar ‘the Boneless’ Erikson, reveals how Ivar ‘the Boneless’ Ragnarson was actually Prince Eyfur or Ivar (Igor in Slavic) Erikson of Kiev and then King Harde Knute ‘the First’ of Denmark.  By comparing a twenty year lacuna in the reign of Prince Igor in The Hraes’ Primary Chronicle with a coinciding twenty year appearance of a King Harde Knute (Hard Knot) of Denmark in European Chronicles, Prince Igor’s punishment by sprung trees, which reportedly tore him apart, may have rather just left him a boneless and very angry young king.  Loyal Danes claimed, “It was a hard knot indeed that sprung those trees,” but his conquered English subjects, not being quite as polite, called him, Ivar ‘the Boneless’.  The book expands on the death curse of Ragnar ‘Lothbrok’ and the calling of ‘his young porkers to avenge the old boar’ when Ivar leaves his first son, King Gorm (Snake) ‘the Old’, to rule in Denmark and his last son, Prince Svein (Swine) ‘the Old’ to rule in Hraes’, further setting up the death spiral between the swine and snake of the ‘Lothbrok’ curse.

BOOK FIVE:  SVEIN’SAGA the OLD or The Saga of Prince Svein ‘the Old’ Ivarson

Book Five, The Saga of Prince Svein ‘the Old’ Ivarson, demonstrates how Prince Sveinald (Sviatoslav in Slavic) ‘the Brave’ of Kiev was really Prince Svein ‘the Old’ Ivarson of Kiev, who later moved to Norway and fought to become King Sweyn ‘Forkbeard’ of Denmark and England.  But before being forced out of Russia, the Swine Prince sated his battle lust by crushing the Khazars and then attacking the great great grandfather of Vlad the Impaler in a bloody campaign into the ‘Heart of Darkness’ of Wallachia that seemed to herald the coming of the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse and included the famed 666 Salute of the Army of the Impalers.  The campaign was so mortifying that the fifteen thousand pounds of gold that the Emperor of Constantinople paid him to attack the Army of the Impalers seemed not nearly enough, so Prince Svein attacked the Eastern Roman Empire itself.  He came close to defeating the greatest empire in the world, but lost and was forced to leave Hraes’ to his three sons.  He returned to the Nor’Way and spent twelve years rebuilding Ragnar’s old trade route there.

BOOK SIX:  VALDAMAR’SAGA’ the GREAT or The Saga of Grand Prince Valdamar ‘the Great’ Sveinson

Book Six, The Saga of Grand Prince Valdamar ‘the Great’ Sveinson, establishes how Grand Prince Valdamar (Vladimir in Slavic) ‘the Great’ of Kiev, expanded the Hraes’ Empire and his own family Hamingja by marrying 700 wives that he pampered in estates in and around Kiev.  Unlike his father, Svein, he came to the aid of a Roman Emperor, leading six thousand picked Varangian cataphracts against Anatolian rebels, and was rewarded with the hand of Princess Anna Porphyrogennetos of Constantinople, a true Roman Princess born of the purple who could trace her bloodline back to Julius and Augustus Caesar.  She was called ‘Czarina’, and after her, all Hraes’ Grand Princes were called ‘Czars’ and their offspring were earnestly sought after, matrimonially, by European royalty.

BOOK SEVEN:  SWEYN’SAGA FORKBEARD or The Saga of King Sweyn ‘Forkbeard’ Ivarson

In The Saga of King Sweyn ‘Forkbeard’ Ivarson, Prince Svein anonymously takes the name of Sweyn ‘Forkbeard’ in Norway and befriends the Jarls of Lade in Trondheim Fjord in Norway as he expands the Nor’Way trade route of his grandfather, Ragnar ‘Lothbrok’.  He had come close to defeating the Eastern Roman Empire, and still felt that he was due at least a shared throne in Constantinople.  He used the gold from the Nor’Way trade to rebuild his legions and his Hraes’ cataphracts and though his brother, King Gorm ‘the Old’, was dead, his son, Sweyn’s nephew, King Harald ‘Bluetooth’ Gormson had usurped the throne of Denmark and had hired the famed Jomsvikings to attack Prince Sweyn in Norway, setting up the famous Battle of Hjorungavagr in a fjord south of Lade.  King Sweyn ‘Forkbeard’ would emerge from that confrontation and then he would defeat King Olaf Tryggvason of Norway in the Battle of Svolder in 1000 AD, in an engagement precipitated over the hand of Queen Sigrid ‘the Haughty’ of Sweden.  Later he attacked England in revenge for the following St. Brice’s Day Massacre of Danes in 1002 AD and he fought a protracted war with the Saxon King Aethelred ‘the Unready’ that could only be described as the harvesting of the English for sale as slaves in Baghdad and Constantinople.  With the help of his son, Prince Valdamar of Kiev, and the legions and cataphracts of Hraes’, he conquered England on Christmas Day of 1013, but victory was not kind to him.

BOOK EIGHT:  CANUTE’SAGA the GREAT or The Saga of King Canute ‘the Great’ Sweynson

Prince Valdamar ‘the Great’ Sveinson of Kiev, who had supported his father, King Sweyn ‘Forkbeard’ of Denmark in attacks upon England left his ‘Czar’ sons in charge of Hraes’ and took over as King Valdamar of England, but the Latin Christian English revolted against his eastern name and Orthodox Christian religion and brought King Aethelred back from exile in Normandy and Valdamar had to return to Hraes’ and gather up the legions he had already sent back after his father’s victory.  His half brother was ruling in Denmark and his sons were ruling in Hraes’ so, in 1015 AD Grand Prince Valdamar ‘the Great’ of Kiev was written out of Hraes’ history and in 1016 the Latin Christian Prince Canute ‘the Great’ returned to England to reclaim his throne.  He defeated Aethelred’s son, King Edmund ‘Ironside’ of England, at the Battle of Assandun to become King Canute ‘the Great’ of England and later King Knute ‘the Great’ of Denmark and Norway as well.  But that is just the start of his story and later Danish Christian Kings would call his saga, and the sagas of his forefathers, The Lying Sagas of Denmark, and would set out to destroy them, claiming that, “true Christians will never read these Sagas”.

BOOK NINE:  WILLIAM’SAGA the CONQUEROR or The Saga of King William ‘the Conqueror’ Robertson of England and Normandy

The Third Danish Conquest of Angleland was seen to herald the end of the Great Viking Manifestation of the Middle Ages, but this, of course, was contested by the Vikings who were still in control of it all.  Danish Varangians still ruled in Kiev and Danes still ruled the Northern Empire of Canute ‘the Great’, for the Normans were but Danish Vikings that had taken up the French language, and even Greenland and the Newfoundland were under Danish control in a Hraes’ Empire that ran from the Silk Road of Cathay in the east to the Mayan Road of Yucatan in the west.  “We are all the children of Ragnar ‘Lothbrok’,” Queen Emma of Normandy often said.  Out of sheer spite the Saxons of England took over the Varangian Guard of Constantinople and would continue their fight against the Normans in Southern Italy as mercenaries of the Byzantine Roman Empire.  They would lose there as well, when in the Fourth Crusade of 1204, the Norman Danes would sack the City of Constantinople and hold it long enough to stop the Mongol hoards that would crush the City of Kiev.  It would be Emperor Baldwin ‘the First’ of Flanders and Constantinople who would defeat the Mongol Mongke Khan in Thrace.  But the Mongols would hold Hraes’ for three hundred years and this heralded the end of the Great Viking Manifestation.  The Silk Road was dead awaiting Marco Polo for its revival.  But the western Mayan Road would continue to operate for another hundred years until another unforeseen disaster struck.  Its repercussions would be witnessed by the Spanish conquerors who followed Christopher Columbus a hundred and fifty years later in the Valley of the Mound Builders.